Cryptocurrency 101 | What Is It and How Does It Work?

Cryptocurrency is a new and exciting technology, but it can also be hard to understand.

The first thing you need to know about cryptocurrency is there are many different types.

This article will go over all your questions about the basics of cryptocurrency. We’ll cover what it is, how it works, and why you should consider investing in this digital currency.

Photo by Bermix Studio on Unsplash

Understanding Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies are an open-source, decentralized form of money. They can trade without government involvement or control.

Cryptocurrencies use cryptography for security. Only you have access to your coins and no one else can spend them. It makes it difficult for anyone to steal from you.

Cryptography is a standardized method for protecting data and information using encryption algorithms. You can buy cryptocurrency through a cryptocurrency exchange.

Cryptocurrencies are not yet widely used in the retail market. Every year their popularity increases.

Some believe cryptocurrencies will replace other forms of money. It is because they are global, faster, more secure, and reduce the need for a middle-man.

Cryptocurrency Mining: Creating Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrency mining is the more popular approach to creating cryptocurrencies.

Miners solve difficult mathematical problems to verify transactions on the blockchain. As a result, cryptocurrency is rewarded as payment.

There are several ways to acquire cryptocurrencies outside of solving complex mathematical problems or relying on special hardware like ASICs (application-specific integrated circuits).


One protocol is called Proof of Stake. New coins are created and rewarded to those supporting the network via staking.

There are other protocols being created, such as Proof of Coverage. Proof of Coverage rewards miners on the Helium Network. The algorithm provides wireless coverage to miners who are authenticated by radio waves.

Types of Cryptocurrency

There are many different cryptocurrencies with unique features and benefits. There are generally four main types. However, some can overlap into more than one category.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

Decentralized finance (DeFi) is a term used to describe financial applications built on top of blockchain networks.

These applications allow users to interact without needing a third party. It makes DeFi efficient and trustworthy, as there is no risk of corruption or fraud.

Some popular tokens under DeFi include Terra, Avalanche, Wrapped Bitcoin, and Dai.

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, are unique cryptocurrencies that have individual value. Each NFT is different from any other. As a result, they can represent different things such as digital assets. Things such as collectible items or gaming assets.

Currently, popular NFTs include CryptoPunks, Doodles, Bored Ape Yacht Club, and Mutant Ape Yacht Club.

Utility Tokens

Investments aren’t the purpose of utility tokens. They are a type of currency you can use to buy goods or services. For example, a company might issue utility tokens to raise money for their project. The company then sells products or services for these tokens accepting these tokens as payment.

Investments aren’t the purpose of utility tokens. They are a type of currency you can use to buy goods or services.

Examples of utility tokens include Storj tokens and Namecoin, which enable file sharing and more across the Internet.

Store of Value Tokens

A store of value token is a cryptocurrency that can store value like traditional currencies used to buy goods and services. Exchanges will often list them for trading.

Some of the popular stores of value tokens include Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin.

Alternative Coins: Altcoins

Alternative Coins, also known as Altcoins, are essentially cryptocurrencies that are not Bitcoin. They have extra features or modifications which make them unique from Bitcoin.

Popular altcoins include Ethereum (ETH), Solana (SOL), Polkadot (DOT), and Litecoin (LTC).

Buying, Selling and Trading Cryptocurrencies 

There are many ways to buy, sell, and trade cryptocurrency. Online crypto exchanges are the common way to buy cryptocurrencies.

To sell or trade cryptocurrencies, you need to have a digital wallet to store them. There are a variety of wallets available, both online and offline. Some wallets are specific to certain cryptos, while others store multiple types.

A digital wallet uses blockchain technology to store cryptocurrencies. Transactions made with a blockchain wallet are verified and tracked, ensuring security and a certain level of anonymity. Blockchain wallets cut the need for a third party, which gives you complete control over your funds.

There are two types of blockchain wallets: software and hardware. Both will give you complete control over your funds.

Crypto Market and Cryptocurrency Exchanges

A crypto exchange, also known as a crypto market, is a digital marketplace where clients can sell and buy cryptocurrencies. It uses a variety of fiat currencies and alternative coins.

There are several different crypto trading platforms nowadays. Your demands and preferences will determine the one you choose. There are platforms for both novice and expert traders.

Some of the top crypto trading platforms and exchanges include :

  • Coinbase
  • Webull
  • EToro
  • TradeStation
  • Kraken
  • Binance
  • Crypto.com
  • Gemini
  • Poloniex

Cryptocurrency as an Investment

Crypto can be risky investments.

There is no guarantee that they’ll be worth more in the future they are today. As we saw during the dot-com bubble, when new technologies hit the markets, there can be winners and losers.

There are a few ways to buy cryptocurrency: cash, bank transfer, or credit card. By mining cryptocurrency, you receive crypto as a form of payment. You can even sell goods and services.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cryptocurrency

Several key benefits come with investing in cryptocurrencies:

  • They are secure and confidential. Transactions are encrypted making it difficult for others to see how you’re spending your money. 
  • You can use them anywhere in the world. As long as you have an internet connection, you can use cryptocurrencies to buy goods and services.
  • They are simple to use. You won’t have to carry any cash or cards with you since all you’ll need is your phone or computer.

Some disadvantages to consider when it comes to cryptocurrencies :

  • They are volatile, meaning their prices can change rapidly.
  • It can be used for criminal activities such as money laundering and drug trafficking.
  • Governments do not regulate cryptocurrencies, which means consumer protection laws do not protect them.
  • Cryptocurrencies are not widely accepted, meaning you cannot use them for everyday transactions.

Final Thoughts on Cryptocurrency

Photo by Executium on Unsplash

Cryptocurrencies are more popular than ever and for good reasons.

They offer several benefits that traditional currencies can’t match. Of course, with any investment, there are risks involved.

If you’re looking for investment advice, consider Rockwell Trading to answer all your questions.

Rockwell Trading’s flagship product, the PowerX Optimizer (PXO), is a tool for beginner and expert traders. The tool analyzes 140 cryptos available for trade with all major crypto wallets and suggests when to enter and exit.

Helpful Crypto Terminology

Cryptocurrency Market

Cryptocurrency exchanges are decentralized; thus, they aren’t influenced by a central authority like a government. The market capitalization is the total value of all coins mined. Market cap is the value of all coins in circulation multiplied by the current market price of each coin.

Bitcoin Mining

As a result of bitcoin mining, you get Bitcoins. It verifies transactions and creates new bitcoins. It’s also an important component in maintaining and developing the blockchain ledger.

Bitcoin Network

A Bitcoin network is a computer network that helps manage the Bitcoin digital currency.

Cryptocurrency Transaction

Cryptocurrency wallets store the currency. The transfers of cryptocurrency funds are recorded in a public ledger when they take place. Because cryptocurrencies use encryption to authenticate deals, they’re known as crypto-currencies.

Price Volatility

The volatility of cryptos is due to their youth. All new ideas need time to mature, and cryptocurrencies are no exception.

Crypto Assets

Crypto assets are digital tokens that use cryptography to secure transactions and control new units’ creation. Virtual currencies use blockchain technology to verify and secure transactions. It makes them a more secure and efficient way of conducting transactions than traditional methods.

Virtual Currency

Cryptocurrencies are a type of virtual currency. It means that they are not physical money, but they are used to buying things the same way as regular money.

Frequently Asked Questions 

How Does Cryptocurrency Work? 

Crypto is digital money that uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions. It also relies on a decentralized network of computers to manage the currency.

Cryptocurrency is also used to buy things in the digital worldlike regular money is used to buy things in the physical world.

They are popular because they offer a new way of exchanging goods and services. It makes them a more secure option than physical currencies.

They’re also anonymous, making them popular for people who want to keep their transactions private as a result. They are decentralized and aren’t controlled by any central authority.

How Can I Use Cryptocurrencies?

You can use them in different ways. They can be used to purchase items from different merchants, and to buy things online. You can save them in a digital wallet that stores your cryptocurrencies.

How Many Cryptocurrencies Are There? 

As per Investopedia, more than 8,000 cryptocurrencies exist as of December 2021.

What Is Blockchain Technology in Cryptocurrency?

Blockchain technology uses math to protect information from being modified. It can store data, including transactions and other types of information.

Blockchain also allows individuals to control their data. It is without having a third party (like a bank) controlling it. It makes it different from traditional database systems.

What are Native Cryptocurrencies?

Native cryptocurrencies are created and operated by a particular group or organization. These currencies are often designed to serve the group’s specific needs.

They usually have a different name, logo, and a different set of features. Native cryptocurrencies serve the needs of a certain community or region. They are often based on blockchains that are tailored for this purpose.

Read next: Blockchain Wallet Benefits & How to Use Blockchain Wallets



Related Posts

Coinmarketcap: Everything You Need To Know

Coinmarketcap: Everything You Need To Know

The Biggest Stock Market Crashes in History

The Biggest Stock Market Crashes in History

Crypto Investing: What Investors Need to Know About Altcoins

Crypto Investing: What Investors Need to Know About Altcoins

Leave a Reply


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}