Options trading is really fascinating, and it’s a great way to make money. And I think it is very important to know when to take profits, especially if you like trading The Wheel as I do.
So the question is, when should you take profits when trading options? How exactly do you figure this out, is there a formula for it?
In this article, I’ll share some guidelines for how and when you should take profits on an options trade. We will answer the question of whether you should let options expire or take profits early.
I will show you some very specific examples of two trades that I have going on right now (at the time of this writing on March 17th, 2021). One of them, I took profits today, and the other one I’m still holding on and I will show you exactly why.
How To Calculate Profits On Options
First, let’s talk about how to calculate profits on options. In order to address this, there are two types of options traders.
One type of options trader are ones that are buying options, and the other, which I feel is very lucrative, and this is what I’ve been doing for a long time, is selling options and collecting premium.
I want to actually talk about selling options and receiving premium, because this is, as I said, what I’ve been focusing on recently with trading The Wheel Strategy.
My year-to-date profits on this account so far are more than $54,000 selling premium on options, and I’ll show you exactly how to do this. So when selling options, you’re receiving premium, and for me, the most important metric here is the so-called premium per day or PPD.
The first example that I want to give you is my position with MARA. Let’s take a look at my transactions with MARA over the last 30 days.
I sold puts at a strike price of 20, and for this, I received $0.28 in premium per option that I sold. Now options come in 100 packs, so this means that per option I made $28.
Now, in this specific example, I sold 50 options total, so this means that I’m receiving a premium of $1,400. I put on this trade on March 10th, and these options expired on 3/19. This is $1,400 in premium in 9 days. This comes to $155.55 in premium per day (PPD). Now this includes weekends.
My rule is, I’m buying back the option when I can get 90% of the maximum profits, but there’s an exception to this rule. First, let me tell you what that means.
So again, I sold each contract for $28, for $0.28. The idea is to buy back the option at $0.03, and this is exactly what I did today (March 17th). So we have another two days to expiration.
So today, I bought back a total of 50 contracts at $0.03, and by doing so I made $0.25 in profits on MARA. Now, this is where again, we’re looking at 50 contracts times $25, so this is $1,250. I was in this position for 7 days.
So $1,250, divided by 7 days, this means that I made $178.57 a day. Let’s just round to $179 per day. As you can see, $179 is more than the $155.55 that I planned per day.
Now let’s think about it. If I would keep MARA right now until expiration, what would happen? I would make an additional $150 in three days. This means that now my premium per day is only $50 per day.
This doesn’t make sense to me. This here is actually bad because my plan was to make $156 per day, and I was able to make $179 per day by buying the options back.
If I would hold on to this trade and let it expires worthless, this is what would happen. I would make an additional $150 in three days and the premium per day would only be $50. That does not make sense to me at all.
This is why here in MARA, it made sense to buy back the put option. By doing so it frees up buying power, meaning that now I can sell more puts.
So the idea here is that I’m selling more puts and making more money on the new puts than I would make holding on to MARA.
Let’s go over another example with a position I have right now with DKS. I sold the 66 strike on March 10th. I sold 15 of them and I received $75 in premium, 15 contracts times $75 comes to $1,125.
So let’s do the math right now and see if it makes sense to close this trade today (March 17th) or if we should keep it.
So we sold the 66 put expiring March 19th, and we received $75 per contract for it, $1,125 total. We then divide this by 9 days to get to our premium per day, which is $125.
So right now, on March 17th, let’s see how much DKS is still worth. Right now, the bid/ask for DKS is $0.05 over $0.10, and that’s really interesting because I want to buy it back at $0.07.
If I would place an order right now, I could buy it back at $0.10. Should I do it? If I did this, I would make $75, minus $0.10 ($10 per contract), which is $65 per contract. For all 15 contracts, I would make $975.
We find our PPD by dividing $975 by 7 days, which comes to $139. So if I really wanted to, and if I needed to free up some buying power, I could do this.
But let’s see what happens if we hold this for a few more days. So if we hold DKS until expiration we can make an additional $150. It might actually make sense to close it out, because $150 over the next three days does not make a lot of sense.
When I looked at the option earlier, DKS suddenly jumped from 78 to almost 79. This is a 10% jump in 30 to 45 minutes. You can see on the chart where we opened this morning.
First we went down, and then we went a little bit up, and then we were hovering right around where we opened. Earlier this morning, the DKS put was trading at $0.25.
So the question is, earlier this morning (March 17th) would it have made sense to close it? Earlier today I could have bought it back for $0.25. So that wouldn’t have made sense, right? Because then if I’m buying it back for $0.25, I would only make $0.50.
So this here, $0.50, this is then $750 in seven days, and if we divide $750 by 7 days, this is $107 premium per day. As you can see, the $107 premium per day is less than what I expected. If I would hold DKS to expiration, we can make an additional $0.25, $25 times 15 contracts is $375.
Now, if you take the $375 in 3 days, that would be $125 premium per day. So when I’m getting $125 premium per day, this is when it does not make sense to sell it just yet.
Should You Take Profits Early?
Now this is the important thing, because the question always is, do you take profits early, or hold until expiration? Well, here’s my formula for this.
I want to give you a very specific formula that you can use if you want to.
If the current realized premium is a premium per day, PPD, larger than the planned PPD, this means close it out early.
If the remaining PPD is smaller than the planned PPD, close it.
Only if the current realized PPD is smaller than the planned PPD, in this case, hold it.
If the remaining PPD is larger than the planned PPD, in this case, you want to hold it.
I wanted to show you my formula for when to take profits on options, especially when you are an options seller.
You see, selling options and receiving premium is what we do with The Wheel Strategy, and the most important metric here is the premium per day (PPD).
This is where using the PPD, you can actually get down to a formula of when exactly you should buy or sell.
This is a good rule of thumb if you don’t want to do all these calculations. The rule of thumb is: I close a trade when I can realize 90% of the maximum profits.